In Section 8.7 , we mentioned the field of text summarization, and how most work in that field has adopted the limited goal of extracting and assembling pieces of the original text that are judged to be central based on features of sentences that consider the sentence's position and content. Much of this work can be used to suggest zones that may be distinctively useful for text classification. For example Kocz et al. (2000) consider a form of feature selection where you classify documents based only on words in certain zones. Based on text summarization research, they consider using (i) only the title, (ii) only the first paragraph, (iii) only the paragraph with the most title words or keywords, (iv) the first two paragraphs or the first and last paragraph, or (v) all sentences with a minimum number of title words or keywords. In general, these positional feature selection methods produced as good results as mutual information (Section 13.5.1 ), and resulted in quite competitive classifiers. Ko et al. (2004) also took inspiration from text summarization research to upweight sentences with either words from the title or words that are central to the document's content, leading to classification accuracy gains of almost 1%. This presumably works because most such sentences are somehow more central to the concerns of the document.
Discuss how you could engineer features that would largely defeat this strategy.
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