Foundations of Statistical Natural Language Processing

This is the companion website for the following book.

Chris Manning and Hinrich Schütze, Foundations of Statistical Natural Language Processing, MIT Press. Cambridge, MA: May 1999.

Interested in buying the book? Some more information about the book and sample chapters are available.

If you are here to look up something that is mentioned in the book, click on the appropriate chapter link below.

A list of errata is also available. Please send us any corrections, and get to see your name in lights!

We'd be pleased to get feedback about how this book works out as a textbook, what is missing, or covered in too much detail, or what is simply wrong. Please send any feedback or comments to or


  1. Introduction
  2. Mathematical Foundations
  3. Linguistic Essentials
  4. Corpus-Based Work
  5. Collocations
  6. Statistical Inference: n-gram Models over Sparse Data
  7. Word Sense Disambiguation
  8. Lexical Acquisition
  9. Markov Models
  10. Part-of-Speech Tagging
  11. Probabilistic Context Free Grammars
  12. Probabilistic Parsing
  13. Statistical Alignment and Machine Translation
  14. Clustering
  15. Topics in Information Retrieval
  16. Text Categorization

Other resources

Courses using the book

Some courses that have used this book are the following (we're happy to be told of others!).

UPenn CIS530, UPenn CIS639, Berkeley SIMS 296a-4, BYU CS479, Johns Hopkins: current (Eisner) and previous [lots of great slides by Jan Hajic!], Brown CS241, CMU 11-682, CMU 11-761, Stanford CS224N, Oregon Graduate Institute CSE580, Ohio State, U Chicago, Purdue [lots of slides], Tufts, Minnesota 1, Minnesota 2, SUNY Albany, San Diego SU, Mississippi State, UCLA.
U Toronto CSC401, Concordia, Dalhousie U CSCI4152 [lots of slides!], U Alberta.
Edinburgh Cogsci MSc, Helsinki University of Technology TIK-61.182, Munich, Bochum. Götenborgs, Växjö University, University of Amsterdam, Warsaw University of Technology, Universidad Europea de Madrid - CEES.
Middle East
Arab Academy for Science & Technology and Marine Transport.
Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), National Cheng-chi University, Taiwan, IIT Delhi

Christopher Manning and Hinrich Schütze --